In the early 2000s, energy companies targeted the Columbia River estuary for gas pipelines and LNG import terminals. Two projects gained momentum: Bradwood LNG, 25 miles upstream of Astoria, Oregon, and Oregon LNG, proposed in Warrenton, Oregon, a stone’s throw from the Pacific Ocean. In 2012, the Oregon LNG project flipped to export.

Together, the projects demanded 500 miles of new, high-pressure gas pipeline cutting through farms, forests, and streams. Landowners faced the threat of eminent domain—losing property to a private gas project.

And then there’s the climate impact. Oregon LNG alone would have shipped 1.2 billion cubic feet per day of fracked natural gas to Asia. That’s twice as much gas as the entire state of Oregon uses each day.

Snapshot of LNG’s Threats